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Pengertian dan Contoh Penggunaan Simple Past Tense

John Khairuddin - Sunday, June 09, 2013
Kali ini kita akan belajar tentang penggunaan Verb 2
Kapan verb 2 digunakan?
Yaitu digunakan untuk menunjukkan kegiatan yang terjadi di waktu lampau. Pokoknya peristiwa atau kegiatan yang sudah terjadi, entah itu kemarin, 2 hari yang lalu, barusan dll.

Misalnya:
Saya pergi ke sekolah kemarin
Kita tidak bisa mengatakan
I go to school yesterday
Kenapa? Karena peristiwa ini sudah terjadi yaitu kemarin
Jadi kalimat yang benar adalah
I went to school yesterday
went adalah verb 2 dari go

Dia menulis surat 2 hari yang lalu
She wrote a letter 2 days ago
She writes a letter 2 days ago

Anton belajar di rumah saya tadi pagi
Anton studied at my house this morning
Anton studies at my house this morning

Kata keterangan waktu yang biasanya mengikuti verb 2 antara lain:
Yesterday         = Kemarin
2 days ago       = 2 hari yang lalu
last week           = Minggu lalu
Last month     = Bulanlalu
Last Monday  = Senin yang lalu

Verb 2 itu ada yang beraturan ada yang tidak beraturan. Kalau yang beraturan itu biasanya tinggal tambahkan ed. Misalnya:
Walk  > Walked
Kick   > Kicked

Kalau yang tidak beraturan kita tidak bisa menambahkan ed. Kita harus mengetahuinya satu persatu. Atau kita harus menghafalnya.

Dan inilah daftar kata kerja yang tidak beraturan

V1
V2
V3
awake awoke awoken
be was, were been
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bid bid bid
bite bit bitten
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burn burned/burnt burned/burnt
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
dig dug dug
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt
drive drove driven
drink drank drunk
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
get got got (sometimes gotten)
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
learn learned/learnt learned/learnt
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
show showed showed/shown
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
swim swam swum
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written

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